Week 16-End: Bidding a Fond Farewell to YBD
This week we say a very fond farewell to our site at Ysgol Bro Dinefwr in Llandeilo, as works draw to a close.
With the last of the archaeology dug and examined, it is now time to pack our trowels, spades and buckets and head for home. Our teams on site have battled through the wettest winter on record and have emerged with some spectacular archaeology and a smile on their faces! A huge achievement.
Here is a short whistle stop re-cap of the wonderful archaeology we found on site:
The Roman road was uncovered in the first few weeks on site. Though already a known feature in the landscape the opportunity was taken to find out more about its form and relationship with the YBD site. The base of the road (the agger) was found, in a disturbed state, with flanking ditches either side. No road surface was found due to extensive plough damage, seen all over site which therefore made it hard to pin point a date.
In the weeks that followed 5 ring ditches, of varying size and depth, were uncovered. All were hand excavated by the team, and can their relationships can seen here in our flyover video. Alongside the ring ditches, cremations were also found although they too were truncated by the plough.
Postholes and stakeholes were also a common feature throughout the site, we found them everywhere! We found them in the centre of ring ditches, within the ditches themselves and in clustered collections around the site. Most of the stakeholes and a few postholes were found within the a round house situated near to Ring Ditch 4 and 5. The round house wasn't truly round in plan but had a beautiful cobbled surface at its south entrance which has been interpreted as a working area or pavement.
We also had the privilege of inviting local volunteers onto site to help with our community days. Both of these community days helped expand our flint and chert assemblages and gain a better understanding of the area. A total of 277 worked lithics were found, the majority of items were made on flint (60%), with a substantial amount made on chert (38%) and a small number made on other types of stone (2%). Flint, where available, is usually the preferred material for stone tools. The flint assemblage is of considerable local significance as rare evidence of Mesolithic activity in Carmarthenshire. Although unstratified, the assemblage is also of some significance on a regional and national level as it adds to the corpus of known inland Mesolithic sites in south Wales. A great result!
The team here at AB Heritage and Rubicon Heritage will be very sad to leave the site at Wales. It has provided us and the local community with a valuable insight to prehistoric Wales. We've had a great time! Thanks for having us and we hope to see you soon.
Roll on Post-Ex!