Week 4-5: Back to the Bronze Age
So, February is turning out to be as wet as January! But works are now well underway, with teams from AB Heritage Limited and Rubicon Heritage at Love Lodge Fields, Ffairfach, Llandeilo.
Works have been many and varied during this time, including a lot of logistics pumping water from some very impressive archaeology! It is fair to say that ground conditions have made topsoil stripping difficult, as the dumpers can’t run over the sodden ground; however, the team are proving to be a resiliant bunch and have done an outstanding job in the circumstances.
During Week 4 the full team of archaeologists arrived on site to newly stripped areas and marked-up features, ready for excavation. We can boast a truly international team with excavators from Poland, Germany, Ireland and of course all over the UK! Our archaeological trainee, Nina Hammond, has been part of the excavation team, and we know Nina will enjoy her time on site, and that her experiences will be important to her future career (if you would like to follow Nina's time at the coal face, please do check out her updates on our facebook page).
During Week 4 & 5 further works were also undertaken on the Roman road, recorded early in the excavation. Our continued input will provide the opportunity to better date and understand the construction of the road, and also determine whether any road side settlement was present. Although preservation of the feature is not superb and may hinder the fullest analysis possible.
In another area of site two ring-ditches have been identified. Excitingly they are exactly as they appeared on the Geophysical Survey! Both are circular in form, with no entrances. Ring-ditch 1 (RD1) had a wide ditch (up to 3 m) and an overall external diameter of c 12 m. The other (RD2) has a much narrower ditch (less than a meter) but is larger, at c.15 m in diameter.
The upper fill of RD1 is a relatively sterile silty material, but the lower fills contain more charcoal and prehistoric pottery. RD2's fill appears richer in charcoal than RD1, and some small fragments of burnt bone have even been observed on the surface. There are some possible internal features in RD2 but no features apparent within RD1, and neither feature has mound material recorded in it.
Other finds recorded over the last few weeks include a cluster of probable prehistoric cremation burials, along with a number of ditches, pits and postholes. Once again the fills were, in the main, charcoal-rich and, based on current dating evidence, it seems there was a range of activity over this area in the prehistoric, most likely the Bronze Age.
Check back next week, and keep your fingers crossed for sunshine!!